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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  September 19, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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[ explosions ] >> the u.s. said the world must come together to help resolve the syrian conflict. hello from al jazeera's headquarters in doha, jane dutton. japan's parliament passes controversial security laws. a family of pacific islanders
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face evacuation because of climate change. >> the united states says there is an urgent need for countries to unite to resolve the conflict going on in syria. he said that president bashar al-assad has to go, but the timing has to be decided through negotiation. >> to underscore the need for all of us to find a way to get to that elusive political settlement that we talked about for a period of time that has not yet materialized. there is an urgency not just fighting isil, but an urgency renewing everyone's effort to find the compromise to bring peace and stability to a syria that is kept whole and secreta
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and--secular and unified. where everyone is protected. >> john kerry stressed the need for political solution to the crisis in syria to be stepped up. he said in the long term president assad had to go. it doesn't have to be on day one or month one, but he did se not see the president leadershi of leadership of assad in the long term. john kerry had a challenge for countries to say that it was time that they did get serious about talking. >> inside syria rebels say they have made significant gains in
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advance in provinces. government fighters have been killed in the latest. >> in the rebel-held area of idlib, there are areas still under government control. they launched assaults hoping to break the line of defense. rebels were able to take over several check points. but the attacks were successfully repelled. this isn't the first time that the area had been targeted. people here are mostly shia and supporters of president bashar al-assad. the government has tried to negotiate for the transfer of safe areas in exchange for rebels who attack inside the town. talks have repeatedly broken
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down. there are new robles also from idlib that rebels have shot dead dozens of government forces captured from an air base earlier this month. elsewhere in serie-a fighter jets launched airstrikes on aleppo. but the monitoring group of the human rights said that those killed in the latest campaign were all civilians. many of them children. >> we want all muslims to see this. there are bodies scattered everywhere. >> many neighborhoods in aleppo have been reduced to rubble. it's a scene seen across the country where four and a half years of war has killed roughly a quarter million people and 11 million more have been driven from their homes.
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>> many refugees fleeing the violence in syria are making their way to europe. 14,000 refugees in croatia in the last few days, and it's government is saying that it can't cope. the policy has angered hungary. but croatia is not backing down. >> it has not been an agreement with hungary. >> we'll take a look at the latest. thousands of people have fled to serbia because of the route they wanted to take into hungary has been blocked by a razor-wired fence. the refugees don't want to stay in any of these countries. most are headed to germany, where they believe they'll have more of a chance to be granted
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asylum. we have more from the border crossings between very way shah and serbia. >> they're moving in the right direction. they are moving through croatia and slovenia. another closed border, this architect with his children and his wife said that europe hasn't got an clue of what to do with them. >> the best thing that happened to them was the arrival of volunteers. they offered food for shivering people offering food and clothes. they're doing this because their governments are not.
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and they're less than impressed. >> it is no surprise that they are here. if i was the slovenia president, i would know that they're coming up. if you have common sense you know the people are going to appear. >> just the occasional family got through. everybody else said why not us as well? >> i have family with me. >> of course these countries said that they're open for refugees coming through. but in practice there are whole lot more who are passing the problem on. they have one thing in common. something that they call people dumping. macedonia denver dumps them on
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the croatian border. and then they're dumped on the serbian border. >> the united arab emirates said that there are 5,000 troops operating in the country. bombing yemen in march after houthi rebels took control of the government and captured territory last year. an israeli airstrikes hit a communication tower in gaza. japan's parliament has passed controversial new laws that marks a dramatic shift.
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it means that japanese soldiers will be allowed to fight overseas for the first time since world war ii. it was met with fierce opposition both in parliament and from the public. >> after the historic vote japan is coming to terms with potentially it's new role in the world. more engaged with a military to match that makes many uncomfortable. >> i'm infuriated. we have a constitution that denounces war, and it's been under mind. >> it's a hard decision, but encouraging troops going overseas is different than defending ourselves. >> the world is changing. this is why it is necessary. >> this will change our japan's self defense forces are allowed to operate overseas from being purely a defensive force. it's a move that prime minister
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shinzo abe says is long overdue. >> this peace security bill is necessary to protect people's life and peace and to prevent war. i understand we have managed to install a legal foundation necessary for our children, children in the future generations and for peace. >> the vote came after a marathon session in both houses of japan's parliament. opposition parties inside and the thousands of protesters outside have promised to fight the legislation in the courts and at the next election. >> we have seen millions of people on the streets in the last few months demonstrating how attached to the constitution and pacifi pacifism that japanese people are. >> marking the 70th anniversary
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of the went of world war ii. japan's pacifist constitution was a direct result of its role in that war, which makes it a decisive issue for many japanese. >> for many it's a symbolism of what this change will mean. the purity of pacifistism that they have. >> still ahead on al jazeera. >> i don't know why they're destroying our schools. all we wanted is to get an education. >> defying danger to go back to school. we report from nigeria. >> plus a new road to peace and development. but many in myanmar say that they've paid a heavy price for it.
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>> as the global refugee crisis intensifies... >> they have travelled for weeks, sometimes months. >> and the e.u. struggles to cope... >> we don't know, they stop us here.
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>> what's being done while lives hang in the balance? >> we need help now. >> hello again. top stories on al jazeera. the u.s. secretary of state said at a there is an urgent need for countries to come together to resolve the conflict in syria. meanwhile, inside syria they have made significant gains in the northeast. dozens of pro government fighters were reportedly killed in the offensive. around 14,000 refugees have entered croatia in the last few days, and the government says it cannot cope. it is sending people on buses to the border of hungary. that has angered hungary.
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the african union has threatened to impose sanctions on the leaders of burkina faso. soldiers from a presidential guard stormed into a cabinet meeting and arrested the president and prime minister. >> doctors have been treating dozens of people injured in protests since the coup. >> we've come to sick and identify all those who have been injured in this deplorable situation. there have been bullet wounds and we've been taking details and getting phone numbers. >> gunmen loyal to coup leaders open fired to disperse protesters. they open fired. they came into the court yard. the coup was led by members of the presidential guard who are
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still loyal to president compari. >> the government has been preparing for elections next month. coup leaders are calling the vote unfair because of their loyalty. the united nations has strongly condemned the coup and has given coup leaders to restore the government or face travel bans and asset freezes. >> kenya's government has
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ordered the closure of all schools because of a teacher strike. more than 280,000 educators have been striking since the start of the academic year in august. they're demanding the pay raise that the supreme court ruled in their favor. and the court ordered them to pay 50% more. the government said it does not have money to comply. the united nations said that boko haram attacks have forced 1.4 million children from their homes. recent victories over the group are encouraging people to return home, and some schools are finally reopening. as we have reports from maidugari. >> these students are eager to learn at the start of the new school year. after six years of violence only a few schools are left standing.
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most schools now have to improvise. studying in this old prison yard has been converted elementary school. >> i don't know why they're destroying our schools. all we wanted is for us to get an education. >> the government has launched an ambitious program to reopen schools even before victory over boko haram is declared. most schools have been destroyed by boko haram. but the hunger for education remains, and hundreds of children are back in school. and under difficult conditions like this. >> massive reconstruction work is underway as the nigerian military continues its campaign against boko haram. the military that claims to have a momentum against the group
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wants t to prevent from further attacks. >> you have to provide security for the habitants. we have to instill confidence that yes now we're in this to prevent anything from this terrorist group. >> the two-year wait is over. she's trying to catch up with they are studies before returning to school. after two years she hardly remembers what she learned. she also wants to be a doctor so she can help victims of violence. [singing] >> after the military exercise against boko haram there is much optimism here and for children it's a chance to be a kid again and to chase their dreams.
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al jazeera, maidugari, northeastern niger gentleman. >> egypt's president el-sisi has sworn in a new government. it would former a new cabinet after the previous administration resigned in an corruption scandal. mexican president enrique pi ena nieto. 12 people were killed including eight mexicans when egyptian security forces mistook them for rebel fighters on sunday. a member of the roman catholic church is due to arrive. pope francis will spend four days in cuba before flying to washington, d.c. it is his first time visiting both countries as pontiff, and
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he's credited with helping to bring together the relations between the two former cold war rivals. lucia newman has more from havana. [ music ] >> at havana's plaza of the revolution, there is a choir. overseeing preparations for the event, it will be, quote, marvelous. >> i hope the people here are very pleased. this is the third visit in 17 years by a pope to cuba. considering the relatively small number of catholics in this country, but it is an inverse proportion to the political portion in latin america, and regional politics is something that the argentine-borne pope clearly wants to play a role. pope francis has offered to
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mediate in peace talks to end columbi colombia's i don't know colombia's i don't know going conflict. >> it is a significant contribution to the peace process since the talks began. this papal visit has a clear effect in this context. >> the expectstation is when he continues on to the united states from cuba next week, he will again weigh in. >> his visit will help convince the americans to lift the embargo against cuba once and for all. from here the pope is going to talk to the president of the united states. >> but will the pope fell into the cuba's internal politics and it's thorny human rights. watching the message of the cuba
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people ahead of the ladies in white, the most visible dissident group is uncertain. >> we want and we think he should speak out against violence for those who are marginalized by the regime. >> for more than two centuries the vatican has linked religion and politics. how pope francis would play his cards here in cuba is something everyone is waiting to see. lucia newman, al jazeera, hava havana. >> colombia's army said that venezuelan troops illegally crossed its border. 15 venezuelan soldiers are accused of firing their weapons and setting fire to a motorcycle. relations have been tense since venezuela closed major border crossings in recent weeks. in myanmar farmers say that they've been forced in their
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land to make way for new roads to make traveling between thailand and myanmar easier. >> for decades areas of myanmar was hidden from the outside world. development is starting but this is a section of the asian highway network that is just opened. it's part of an united nations project started in 1959 to promote development in the region. but for many the development has come at a cost. >> there are good and bad points to having the asian highway. it is good to have the road so people can travel easier and bring in more business. but not for my family. we have no place to go. we will lose our business. >> the road cuts through the mountains connecting the thai border, reducing the journey by several hours. it become a key trade route but
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many people had to make way for its construction. this farmer didn't want us to use his name. he said he was given a set price for his land but then was told that the government needed more for free. >> the highway cuts through my land on both sides. the problem is that they also want to include extra land, and i have to move back even further. leaving us with very little. >> past the town, the highway is still being built. people living in its path have been warned change is coming whether they like it or not. >> the government has put signs up in our village. the sign has information stating that some of our property now belongs to the government. but this is our property. we have lived here for long ti time. >> the road cuts through an area that has seen intense fighting over the decades. it is where rebel armies have battled for greater independence and autonomy from myanmar. despite a cease-fire in place,
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fighting still course i occurs in this area. soldiers protect the project from the enemy. >> we want to see people traveling in peace on the road, but we have to protect ourselves. so we have to carry our guns. >> it could mean potentially more income, but in the meantime the people say they generally want a fair deal from the government. >> a family facing deportation from new zealand after failing to get status as climate change refugees. their island could disappear. >> this family are living on borrowed time. he and his wife need from the island nation kiribus. they wanted a better life.
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>> life there is not--it's not good. we're running to other country to save our life. >> that big country was new zealand, where they have since had three children. their visas ran out in 2011, but they've been trying to stay ever since. >> under the present rule of refugees they would be sent back to their country of origin because they were not in danger of being killed. but that needs to change. climate refugees are economic refugees. >> kiribut is one of the world's lowest-lying nations. some scientists believe that it could be completely uninhabitable by 2030.
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>> they find it difficult to grow crops and get fresh water. one day when the water comes through too high and there is no adult to grab a little kid, possible death. that is a situation as it is at the moment it said that there was no evidence that the kiriba government has found there is danger from global warming. next they can argue that their human rights would be violated if they were sent back. there is a president, but it could be a lengthys were. >> i'm scared if they sen when
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immigration come and tell me to go back. i don't want to go back. i want to stay here with my family. >> the court will hear from them on monday. i they could be sent back to kiribati on the next flight. >> researchers from boston university and the u.s. department of veterans detected a disease in the brains of 87-91 former players. the brains have been donated after the players' death. it is known as cte. the latest in a number of studies that have linked repeated blows to the head with depression and dementia. much more upbeat sports story here. world number one surfer nick fanning is back in action two months after being attacked by a shark at an event in south
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africa. he beat de souza in the final in california. he has replaced the brazilian as world's number one with three events remaining on this year's tour. >> this is "techknow". a show about innovations that can change lives. >> the science of fighting a wild fire. >> we're going to explore the intersection of hardware and humanity but we are doing it in a unique way. this is a show about science by scientists. tonight "techknow" investigates climate change. >> i can really feel it vibrating now. >> it's science versus politics. >> do you know what this is? it's a snowball. >> from a city in the grips of cle


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